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 Enterovirus E

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EV-E seqs
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The species Enterovirus E is comprised of group A bovine enteroviruses (formerly classified within the species Bovine enterovirus which no longer exists).

Currently four types are recognised, EV-E1 to EV-E4.




Current type Former type Old type Prototype strain Accession no.
EV-E1 BEV-A1 BEV-1 bovine/VG(5)27* D00214
EV-E2 BEV-A2 BEV-1 bovine/BEV-165 n/a
EV-E3 BEV-A3 BEV-1 bovine/D 14/3/96 DQ092786; DQ092787
EV-E4 BEV-A4 - sewage/PAK-NIH-21E5 JQ690748; JQ690741

*, replaces the isolate known as BEV-1 (Washington/57; Moll and Davis, 1959) since VG(5)27 has been more extensively studied.

The crystal structure of EV-E1 VG(5)27 has been determined (Smyth et al., 1995).

A BEV has recently been reported from a bottlenose dolphin (EU886967; Nollens et al., 2009); it belongs to type EV-E1.

References

Nollens, H.H., Rivera, R., Palacios, G., Wellehan, J.F.X., Saliki, J.T., Caseltine, S.L., Smith, C.R., Jensen, E.D., Hui, J., Lipkin, W.I., Yochem, P.K., Wells, R.S., St. Leger, J. and Venn-Watson, S. (2009). New recognition of enterovirus infections in bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus). Vet. Microbiol. 139: 170-175.

Smyth, M., Tate, J., Hoey, E., Lyons, C., Martin, S. and Stuart, D. (1995). Implications for viral uncoating from the structure of bovine enterovirus. Nat Struct Biol. 2: 224-231.