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  Genus: Kobuvirus

Species: Aichivirus A (formerly Aichi virus)

Type: Aichi virus 1 (AiV-1)  
5' UTR L VP0 VP3 VP1 2A 2B 2C 3A 3B 3C 3D 3' UTR
     

(White areas indicate genes which haven't yet been sequenced completely; grey areas are where only partial sequences exist)

Virus Strain Region

Length

Accession No. Reference Comments

Aichi virus 1 (AiV-1)

AiV-1 A846/88 CG(p) 8251 AB010145 Yamashita et al., 1998 5' end missing
CG 8280 AB040749 Sasaki et al., 2001  
AiV-1 BAY/1/03/DEU CG(p) 8266 AY747174 Oh et al., 2006 19 nt missing at 5' end
AiV-1 Goiania/GO/03/01/Brazil CG(p) 8266 DQ028632 Oh et al., 2006 19 nt missing at 5' end
AiV-1 A1156/87 3CD(p) 519 AB079268 Yamashita et al., 2000  
3D(p) 591 AB097164 Yamashita et al., 2003  
AiV-1 A1258/87 3CD(p) 519 AB034649 Yamashita et al., 2000  
AiV-1 A844/88 3CD(p) 519 AB034651 Yamashita et al., 2000  
AiV-1 A848/88 3CD(p) 519 AB034652 Yamashita et al., 2000  
AiV-1 A942/89 3CD(p) 519 AB034653 Yamashita et al., 2000  
AiV-1 T132/90 3CD(p) 519 AB034663 Yamashita et al., 2000  
AiV-1 P766/90 3CD(p) 519 AB034658 Yamashita et al., 2000  
3D(p) 591 AB097166 Yamashita et al., 2003  
AiV-1 P803/90 3CD(p) 519 AB034659 Yamashita et al., 2000  
AiV-1 P832/90 3CD(p) 519 AB034660 Yamashita et al., 2000  
AiV-1 N128/91 3CD(p) 519 AB034655 Yamashita et al., 2000  
AiV-1 P840/91 3CD(p) 519 AB034661 Yamashita et al., 2000  
AiV-1 P880/91 3CD(p) 519 AB034662 Yamashita et al., 2000  
AiV-1 N1277/91 3CD(p) 519 AB034654 Yamashita et al., 2000  
AiV-1 M166/92 3CD(p) 519 AB034657 Yamashita et al., 2000  
AiV-1 M166/91 3D(p) 591 AB097165 Yamashita et al., 2004  
AiV-1 N628/92 3CD(p) 519 AB034656 Yamashita et al., 2000  
AiV-1 A1471/96 3CD(p) 519 AB034650 Yamashita et al., 2000  
AiV-1 144/96(THA) 3CD(p) 519 AB092824 Yamashita and Sakae, 2003  
AiV-1 359/96(SIN) 3CD(p) 519 AB092825 Yamashita and Sakae, 2003  
AiV-1 364/96(VIE) 3CD(p) 519 AB092826 Yamashita and Sakae, 2003  
AiV-1 132/96(INA) 3CD(p) 519 AB092827 Yamashita and Sakae, 2003  
AiV-1 494/97(SIN) 3CD(p) 519 AB092828 Yamashita and Sakae, 2003  
AiV-1 177/96(INA) 3CD(p) 519 AB092829 Yamashita and Sakae, 2003  
AiV-1 139/96(IND) 3CD(p) 519 AB092830 Yamashita and Sakae, 2003  
AiV-1 684/98(THA) 3CD(p) 519 AB092831 Yamashita and Sakae, 2003  
AiV-1 414/96(INA) 3CD(p) 519 AB092832 Yamashita and Sakae, 2003  
AiV-1 488/97(IND) 3CD(p) 519 AB092833 Yamashita and Sakae, 2003  
AiV-1 700/98(NEP) 3CD(p) 519 AB092834 Yamashita and Sakae, 2003  
AiV-1 RN48 (France) 3CD(p) 477 DQ145759 Ambert-Balay et al., 2008  
AiV-1 RN57 (France) 3CD(p) 468 DQ145760 Ambert-Balay et al., 2008  
AiV-1 R586 (France) 3CD(p) 486 DQ145761 Ambert-Balay et al., 2008  
AiV-1 R380 (France) 3CD(p) 489 DQ145762 Ambert-Balay et al., 2008  
AiV-1 R586 (France) VP1(p) 539 DQ206639 Bon et al., unpub.  
AiV-1 RN48 (France) VP1(p) 531 DQ206640 Bon et al., unpub.  
AiV-1 RN57 (France) VP1(p) 504 DQ206641 Bon et al., unpub.  
AiV-1 J-4397/02 (Japan) 3CD(p) 519 EF079149 Pham et al., 2007
AiV-1 J-4415/02 (Japan) 3CD(p) 519 EF079150 Pham et al., 2007  
AiV-1 J-4432/02 (Japan) 3CD(p) 519 EF079151 Pham et al., 2007  
AiV-1 J-4444/02 (Japan) 3CD(p) 519 EF079152 Pham et al., 2007  
AiV-1 J-4478/02 (Japan) 3CD(p) 519 EF079153 Pham et al., 2007  
AiV-1 J-4827/02 (Japan) 3CD(p) 519 EF079154 Pham et al., 2007  
AiV-1 B-5/05 (Bangladesh) 3CD(p) 519 EF079155 Pham et al., 2007  
AiV-1 B-101/05 (Bangladesh) 3CD(p) 519 EF079156 Pham et al., 2007  
AiV-1 B-171/05 (Bangladesh) 3CD(p) 519 EF079157 Pham et al., 2007  
AiV-1 B-370/05 (Bangladesh) 3CD(p) 519 EF079158 Pham et al., 2007  
AiV-1 B-1055/05 (Bangladesh) 3CD(p) 519 EF079159 Pham et al., 2007  
AiV-1 T-132/02 (Thailand) 3CD(p) 519 EF079160 Pham et al., 2007  
AiV-1 VN-636/03 (Vietnam) 3CD(p) 519 EF079161 Pham et al., 2007  
AiV-1 VN-640/03 (Vietnam) 3CD(p) 519 EF079162 Pham et al., 2007  
AiV-1 Chshc5 (China 2008) 3CD(p) 519 FJ890516 Yang et al., 2009  
AiV-1 Chshc6 (China 2008) 3CD(p) 519 FJ890517 Yang et al., 2009  
AiV-1 Chshc8 (China 2008) 3CD(p) 519 FJ890518 Yang et al., 2009  
AiV-1 Chshc1 (China 2008) 3CD(p) 519 FJ890519 Yang et al., 2009  
AiV-1 Chshc2 (China 2008) 3CD(p) 519 FJ890520 Yang et al., 2009  
AiV-1 Chshc3 (China 2008) 3CD(p) 519 FJ890521 Yang et al., 2009  
AiV-1 Chshc4 (China 2008) 3CD(p) 519 FJ890522 Yang et al., 2009  
AiV-1 Chshc7 (China 2008) CG(p) 8244 FJ890523 Yang et al., 2009 5' end missing
AiV-1 Szigetvar-HUN298/2000/HUN 3D(p) 173 FJ225407 Reuter et al., 2009  
AiV-1 D/VI2524/2004 (Germany) 5'UTR+VP1 1611 GQ927708 Lukashev et al., 2012  
AiV-1 D/VI2535/2004 (Germany) 5'UTR+VP1 1612 GQ927710 Lukashev et al., 2012
AiV-1 D/VI2582/2004 (Germany) 5'UTR+VP1 1611 GQ927707 Lukashev et al., 2012  
AiV-1 D/VI2528/2004 (Germany) 5'UTR+VP1 1611 GQ927709 Lukashev et al., 2012  
AiV-1 D/VI2169/2004 (Germany) CG(p) 8238 GQ927704 Lukashev et al., 2012 5' end missing
AiV-1 D/VI2321/2004 (Germany) CG(p) 8228 GQ927706 Lukashev et al., 2012 5' end missing
AiV-1 D/VI2244/2004 (Germany) CG(p) 8240 GQ927712 Lukashev et al., 2012 5' end missing
AiV-1 D/VI2359/2004 (Germany) CG(p) 8242 GQ927705 Lukashev et al., 2012 5' end missing
AiV-1 D/VI2287/2004 (Germany) CG(p) 8237 GQ927711 Lukashev et al., 2012 5' end missing
AiV-1 kvgh99012632/2010 (Taiwan) CG(p) 8219 JX564249 Chang et al., 2013 5' end missing
AiV-1 hu/C1_Kwanak_06/2010 VP1 834 KC167079 Han et al., 2014
    5'UTR(p)+L(p) 758 KC167107 Han et al., 2014  
AiV-1 hu/C1_Kwanak_28/2010 VP1 834 KC167080 Han et al., 2014  
    5'UTR(p)+L(p) 758 KC167108 Han et al., 2014  
AiV-1 hu/C2_Eunpyeong_01/2010 VP1 834 KC167081 Han et al., 2014  
    5'UTR(p)+L(p) 758 KC167109 Han et al., 2014  
AiV-1 hu/C2_Seongdong_02/2010 VP1 834 KC167082 Han et al., 2014  
    5'UTR(p)+L(p) 758 KC167110 Han et al., 2014  
AiV-1 hu/C2_Seongdong_03/2010 VP1 834 KC167083 Han et al., 2014  
    5'UTR(p)+L(p) 758 KC167111 Han et al., 2014  
AiV-1 hu/C2_Kangseo_01/2010 VP1 834 KC167084 Han et al., 2014  
    5'UTR(p)+L(p) 758 KC167112 Han et al., 2014  
AiV-1 hu/C2_Junggu_01/2010 VP1 834 KC167085 Han et al., 2014  
    5'UTR(p)+L(p) 758 KC167113 Han et al., 2014  
AiV-1 hu/C2_Dobong_02/2010 VP1 834 KC167086 Han et al., 2014  
    5'UTR(p)+L(p) 758 KC167114 Han et al., 2014  
AiV-1 hu/C2_Kangdong_01/2010 VP1 834 KC167087 Han et al., 2014  
    5'UTR(p)+L(p) 758 KC167115 Han et al., 2014  
AiV-1 hu/C2_Kangdong_02/2010 VP1 834 KC167088 Han et al., 2014  
    5'UTR(p)+L(p) 758 KC167116 Han et al., 2014  
AiV-1 hu/C2_Seongdong_06/2010 VP1 834 KC167089 Han et al., 2014  
    5'UTR(p)+L(p) 758 KC167117 Han et al., 2014  
AiV-1 hu/C2_Youngsan_02/2010 VP1 834 KC167090 Han et al., 2014  
    5'UTR(p)+L(p) 758 KC167118 Han et al., 2014  
AiV-1 hu/C2_Seodaemoon_01/2010 VP1 834 KC167091 Han et al., 2014  
    5'UTR(p)+L(p) 758 KC167119 Han et al., 2014  
AiV-1 hu/C2_Seongdong_01/2010 VP1 834 KC167092 Han et al., 2014  
    5'UTR(p)+L(p) 758 KC167120 Han et al., 2014  
AiV-1 hu/C2_Kangseo_02/2010 VP1 834 KC167093 Han et al., 2014  
    5'UTR(p)+L(p) 758 KC167121 Han et al., 2014  
AiV-1 hu/C2_Junggu_0102/2010 VP1 834 KC167094 Han et al., 2014  
    5'UTR(p)+L(p) 758 KC167122 Han et al., 2014  
AiV-1 hu/C2_Seongdong_0202/2010 VP1 834 KC167095 Han et al., 2014  
    5'UTR(p)+L(p) 758 KC167123 Han et al., 2014  
AiV-1 hu/C3_Sungbuk_04_04/2011 VP1 834 KC167096 Han et al., 2014  
    5'UTR(p)+L(p) 758 KC167124 Han et al., 2014  
AiV-1 hu/C3_Sungbuk_07/2011 VP1 834 KC167097 Han et al., 2014  
    5'UTR(p)+L(p) 758 KC167125 Han et al., 2014  
AiV-1 hu/C3_Sungbuk_09/2011 VP1 834 KC167098 Han et al., 2014  
    5'UTR(p)+L(p) 758 KC167126 Han et al., 2014  
AiV-1 hu/C4_Yongdeongpo_01/2011 VP1 834 KC167099 Han et al., 2014  
    5'UTR(p)+L(p) 758 KC167127 Han et al., 2014  
AiV-1 hu/C4_Yongdeongpo_07/2011 VP1 834 KC167100 Han et al., 2014  
    5'UTR(p)+L(p) 758 KC167128 Han et al., 2014  
AiV-1 hu/C4_Yongdeongpo_16/2011 VP1 834 KC167101 Han et al., 2014  
    5'UTR(p)+L(p) 758 KC167129 Han et al., 2014  
AiV-1 hu/C4_Yongsan_01/2011 VP1 834 KC167102 Han et al., 2014  
    5'UTR(p)+L(p) 758 KC167130 Han et al., 2014  
AiV-1 hu/C5_Mapo_01/201 VP1 834 KC167103 Han et al., 2014  
    5'UTR(p)+L(p) 758 KC167131 Han et al., 2014  
AiV-1 hu/C6_Mapo_22/2011 VP1 834 KC167104 Han et al., 2014  
    5'UTR(p)+L(p) 758 KC167132 Han et al., 2014  
AiV-1 hu/C6_Mapo_27/2011 VP1 834 KC167105 Han et al., 2014
    5'UTR(p)+L(p) 758 KC167133 Han et al., 2014  
AiV-1 hu/C7_Dongdaemoon_01/2011 VP1 834 KC167106 Han et al., 2014  
    5'UTR(p)+L(p) 758 KC167134 Han et al., 2014  
         
CG = complete genome
(p) = partial gene sequence

References

Ambert-Balay, K., Lorrot, M., Bon, F., Giraudon, H., Kaplon, J., Wolfer, M., Lebon, P., Gendrel, D. and Pothier, P (2008). Prevalence and genetic diversity of Aichi virus strains in stool samples from community and hospitalized patients. J. Clin. Microbiol. 46: 1252-1258.

Bon, F., Lorrot, M., and Pothier, P. Unpublished. [Laboratory of Virology, Chu Dijon, 1 bd de Lattre de Tassigny, Dijon 21079, RL France].

Chang, J.T., Chen, Y.S., Chen, B.C., Chao, D. and Chang, T.H. (2013). Complete genome sequence of the first aichi virus isolated in Taiwan. Genome Announc. 2013 Jan;1(1). doi:pii: e00107-12. 10.1128/genomeA.00107-12. Epub 2013 Jan 24.

Han, T.H., Park, S.H., Hwang, E.S., Reuter, G. and Chung, J.Y. (2014). Detection of Aichi virus in South Korea. Arch Virol. 159: 1835-1839.

Lukashev, A.N., Drexler, J.F., Belalov, I.S., Eschbach-Bludau, M., Baumgarte, S. and Drosten C. (2012). Genetic variation and recombination in Aichi virus. J. Gen. Virol. 0: 0-0.

Oh, D.Y., Silva, P.A., Hauroeder, B., Diedrich, S., Cardoso, D.D. and Schreier E. (2006). Molecular characterization of the first Aichi viruses isolated in Europe and in South America. Arch. Virol. 151: 1199-1206.

Pham, N.T., Khamrin, P., Nguyen, T.A., Kanti, D.S., Phan, T.G., Okitsu, S. and Ushijima, H. (2007). Isolation and molecular characterization of Aichi viruses from fecal specimens collected in Japan, Bangladesh, Thailand, and Vietnam. J. Clin. Microbiol. 45: 2287-2288.

Sasaki, J., Kusuhara, Y., Maeno, Y., Kobayashi, N., Yamashita, T., Sakae, K., Takeda, N. and Taniguchi,K. (2001). Construction of an infectious cDNA clone of Aichi virus (a new member of the family Picornaviridae) and mutational analysis of a stem-loop structure at the 5' end of the genome.  J. Virol. 75: 8021-8030.

Yamashita, T. and Sakae, K. (2003). Molecular Biology and Epidemiology of Aichi Virus and Other Diarrhoeogenic Enteroviruses. (in) Dessenlberger U., Gray J. (eds.). Perspectives In Medical Virology, 9. Viral Gastroenteritis.:645-657. Elsevier Science B.V., Amsterdam (2003).

Yamashita, T., Sakae, K., Tsuzuki, H., Suzuki, Y., Ishikawa, N., Takeda, N., Miyamura, T. and Yamazaki, S. (1998). Complete nucleotide sequence and genetic organization of Aichi virus, a distinct member of the Picornaviridae associated with acute gastroenteritis in humans. J. Virol. 72: 8408-8412.

Yamashita, T., Sugiyama, M., Tsuzuki, H., Sakae, K., Suzuki, Y. and Miyazaki, Y. (2000). Application of a reverse transcription-PCR for identification and differentiation of Aichi virus, a new member of the picornavirus family associated with gastroenteritis in humans. J. Clin. Microbiol. 38: 2955-2961.

Yamashita, T., Ito, M., Kabashima, Y., Tsuzuki, H., Fujiura, A. and Sakae, K. (2003). Isolation and characterization of a new species of kobuvirus associated with cattle. J. Gen. Virol. 84: 3069-3077.

Yang, S., Zhang, W., Shen, Q., Yang, Z., Zhu, J., Cui, L. and Hua, X. (2009). Aichi virus strains in children with gastroenteritis, China. Emerging Infect. Dis. 15: 1703-1705.