The
Picornavirus
Pages
 Aichivirus A

Child level

Aichi virus 1
Canine kobuvirus 1
Feline kobuvirus 1
Murine kobuvirus 1

Same level

Home
Up
Aichivirus A
Aichivirus B
Aichivirus C
Caprine kobuvirus
European roller kobuvirus 1
Unassigned kobuviruses
  Aichivirus A (formerly named Aichi virus) is the type species of the genus Kobuvirus.

This species contains five viruses (genotypes) Aichi virus 1 (found in humans), canine kobuvirus 1, murine kobuvirus 1, feline kobuvirus 1 and a kobuvirus found in sewage (see below).

In a recent study a 234-amino acid (aa) fragment of a picornavirus 3Dpol was amplified from the faeces of a striped field mouse (Apodemus agrarius) (Farkas et al., 2012). Sequence comparisons (JQ408726) revealed the closest identity to murine kobuvirus 1 (93 % aa), canine kobuvirus 1 (92 % aa) and Aichi virus 1 (88 % aa) (Farkas et al., 2012). It is not clear if this virus belongs to one of the existing Aichivirus A types or if it represents a new type.

The nearly complete genome sequence (6939 nt) of a possible new Aichivirus A type has recently been determined from a sewage samples from Kathmandu, Nepal (Ng et al., 2012; KoV-SewKTM; JQ898342).

European roller kobuvirus 1 (Pankovics et al., 2014) is most closley related to Aichivirus A but may represent a distinct species within the genus.

References

Farkas, T., Fey, B., Keller, G., Martella, V. and Egyed, L. (2012). Molecular detection of novel astroviruses in wild and laboratory mice. Virus Genes 2012 Aug 17. [Epub ahead of print]

Ng, T.F., Marine, R., Wang, C., Simmonds, P., Kapusinszky, B., Bodhidatta, L., Oderinde, B.S., Wommack, K.E. and Delwart, E. (2012). High variety of known and new RNA and DNA viruses of diverse origins in untreated sewage. J. Virol. 2012 Aug 29. [Epub ahead of print]

Pankovics, P., Boros, A., Kiss, T. and Reuter, G. (2014). Identification and complete genome analysis of kobuvirus in faecal samples of European roller (Coracias garrulus): for the first time in bird. Arch. Virol., in press. DOI 10.1007/s00705-014-2228-7.


Copyright © 2006 - The Pirbright Institute, UK. All Rights Reserved.