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Unassigned
  Genus: Avihepatovirus

Species: Avihepatovirus A (formerly named Duck hepatitis A virus)

Serotype: duck hepatitis A virus 1 (DHAV-1)
(formerly
duck hepatitis virus 1 [DHV-1])
 
5' UTR VP0 VP3 VP1 2A1 2A2 2A3 2B 2C 3A 3B 3C 3D 3' UTR
    (DHV-1 may contain 1, 2 or 3 2A genes)

(White areas indicate genes which haven't yet been sequenced completely; grey areas are where only partial sequences exist)

Virus Strain Region Length* Accession No. Reference Comments

Duck hepatitis A virus 1 (DHAV-1)

DHAV-1 03D/Taiwan CG 7687 DQ249299 Tseng et al., 2007 2-3 U's missing
from the 5' end
DHAV-1 H/UK CG 7664 DQ249300 Tseng et al., 2007 20-21 nt missing
from the 5' end
DHAV-1 5886/USA CG 7672 DQ249301 Tseng et al., 2007 16-17 nt missing
from the 5' end
DHAV-1 R85952 (ATCC VR-191) CG 7690 DQ226541 Kim et al., 2006  
DHAV-1 DRL-62 (ATCC VR-1313) CG 7691 DQ219396 Kim et al., 2006  
DHAV-1 C80 CG 7689 DQ864514 Ding and Zhang, 2007 China
DHAV-1 E63 3D(p)+3'UTR 1228 DQ864515 Ding and Zhang, unpub. China
DHAV-1 A66 CG 7703 DQ886445 Zhang et al., unpub. (a) China; serial passage in
chicken embryos
DHAV-1 JX CG 7582 EF093502 Zhang et al., unpub. (b) China:Jiangxia; nts missing
from 5' and 3' terminii
DHAV-1 JX CG 7690 EU371557 Feng et al., unpub.. China
DHAV-1 Sichuan 3D(p) 440 EF064886 Yang et al., 2008 China
DHAV-1 S CG 7696 EF417871 Feng et al., unpub. China: Beijing, ShunYi area
DHAV-1 ZJ CG 7712 EF382778 Liu et al., 2008 southeast China;
BHK-21 passaged virus
DHAV-1 ZJ-A VP1 714 EF442072 Liu et al., 2008 southeast China; vaccine
strain; modified live virus
DHAV-1 ZJ-A2 VP1 714 EF502172 Liu et al., 2008 China: Zhejiang (vaccine str.)
DHAV-1 SY1 VP1 714 EF407857 Liu et al., 2008  
DHAV-1 SY2 VP1 714 EF407858 Liu et al., 2008  
DHAV-1 SY3 VP1 714 EF407859 Liu et al., 2008  
DHAV-1 SY4 VP1 714 EF407860 Liu et al., 2008  
DHAV-1 SY5 VP1 714 EF407861 Liu et al., 2008  
DHAV-1 SY6 VP1 714 EF407862 Liu et al., 2008  
DHAV-1 AV2111 VP1 714 EF442073 Liu et al., 2008 virulent strain
DHAV-1 ZI07-1 VP1 714 EF502168 Liu et al., 2008 China: Zhejiang
DHAV-1 ZI07-2 VP1 714 EF502169 Liu et al., 2008 China: Zhejiang
DHAV-1 ZI07-3 VP1 714 EF502170 Liu et al., 2008 China: Zhejiang
DHAV-1 SH VP1 714 EF502171 Liu et al., 2008 China: Shanghai (vaccine str.)
DHAV-1 HP-1 CG 7665 EF151312 Luo et al., 2008  
DHAV-1 E53 CG 7662 EF151313 Luo et al., 2008  
DHAV-1 R 3D 1147 EF515838 Luo et al., unpub. (a) China
CG 7703 EF585200 Luo et al., 2008
DHAV-1 HSS CG 7691 DQ812092 Kim et al., 2007b South Korea, 1995
DHAV-1 HS CG 7691 DQ812094 Kim et al., 2007b South Korea, 1994
DHAV-1 E42 2A-AIG1(p) 483 EF636608 Jiang et al., unpub. China
DHAV-1 E3 2A-AIG1(p) 498 EF636609 Jiang et al., unpub. China
DHAV-1 JX 2A-AIG1(p) 498 EF636610 Jiang et al., unpub. China
DHAV-1 PX 2A-AIG1(p) 498 EF636611 Jiang et al., unpub. China
DHAV-1 XZ VP1 714 EF653378 Wang et al., unpub. China: XuZhou
DHAV-1 F CG 7691 EU264072 Wu et al., unpub. China: Fang-Shan area, BeiJing
DHAV-1 C-XNH P1 2193 EU106090 Wang & Zhang, unpub. China: TianJin
3D(p) 440 EU106098
DHAV-1 C-NMG P1 2193 EU106091 Wang & Zhang, unpub. China
3D(p) 440 EU106099
DHAV-1 C-QYD P1 2193 EU106092 Wang & Zhang, unpub.. China: Beijing; 2006
3D(p) 440 EU106100
DHAV-1 C-CQ5 P1 2193 EU106093 Wang & Zhang, unpub. China: ChongQing; 2006
3D(p) 440 EU106101
DHAV-1 C-PX P1 2193 EU106094 Wang & Zhang, unpub. China: JiangSu; 2005
3D(p) 440 EU106102
DHAV-1 C-C1H P1 2193 EU106095 Wang & Zhang, unpub. China
3D(p) 440 EU106103
DHAV-1 C-SN P1 2193 EU106096 Wang & Zhang, unpub. China: HeBei; 2001
3D(p) 440 EU106104
DHAV-1 C-ZC P1 2193 EU106097 Wang & Zhang, unpub. China: ShanDong; 2005
3D(p) 440 EU106105
DHAV-1 JH2 CG 7708 EU395435 Ma et al., unpub. China
DHAV-1 JH1 CG 7709 EU395436 Ma et al., unpub. China
DHAV-1 YN CG 7708 EU395437 Ma et al., unpub. China
DHAV-1 FS CG 7707 EU395438 Ma et al., unpub. China
DHAV-1 ZZ CG 7708 EU395439 Ma et al., unpub. China
DHAV-1 Vaccine strain CG 7711 EU395440 Ma et al., unpub. China
DHAV-1 CL CG 7709 EF427899 Ma et al., unpub. China
DHAV-1 YZ CG 7713 EF427900 Ma et al., unpub. China
DHAV-1 161/79/V CG 7669 EU753359 Gan et al., unpub. China: JiangSu; June 2003
DHAV-1 GZ CG 7710 EU888310 Xu et al., unpub. China: Guangzhou; Mar 2003
DHAV-1 HDHV1-BJ CG 7712 FJ157172 Chen, unpub. China
DHAV-1 HDHV1-JX CG 7712 FJ157173 Chen, unpub. China
DHAV-1 HDHV1-SC CG 7712 FJ157174 Chen, unpub. China
DHAV-1 HDHV1-GS CG 7712 FJ157175 Chen, unpub. China
DHAV-1 HDHV1-ZJ CG 7712 FJ157176 Chen, unpub. China
DHAV-1 HDHV1-HN CG 7712 FJ157177 Chen, unpub. China
DHAV-1 HDHV1-SH CG 7712 FJ157178 Chen, unpub. China
DHAV-1 HDHV1-GD CG 7712 FJ157179 Chen, unpub. China
DHAV-1 HDHV1-HB CG 7712 FJ157180 Chen, unpub. China
DHAV-1 GHZ04 CG 7716
FJ496339 Zhang et al., unpub. China: Guangdong, Huizhou,
2004
DHAV-1 FFZ05 CG 7706 FJ496340 Zhang et al., unpub. China: Fujian, Fuzhou, 2005
DHAV-1 GFS06 CG 7708 FJ496341 Zhang et al., unpub. China: Fujian, Fuzhou, 2005
DHAV-1 GQY07 CG 7706 FJ496342 Zhang et al., unpub. China: Guangdong, Qingyuan,
2007
DHAV-1 X CG 7709 FJ496343 Zhang et al., unpub. China: vaccine strain
DHAV-1 GFS99 CG 7707 FJ496344 Zhang et al., unpub. China: Guangdong, Foshan,
1999
DHAV-1 LY0801 CG 7699 FJ436047 Gao et al., unpub. China: Jan 2008
DHAV-1 C-DXX VP1 714 FJ626664 Peng et al., unpub. China: 02-Aug-2005
DHAV-1 C-LGZ VP1 714 FJ626666 Peng et al., unpub. China: 23-Nov-2005
DHAV-1 C-PHG VP1 714 FJ626668 Peng et al., unpub. China: 26-Aug-2005
DHAV-1 C-QDY VP1 714 FJ626671 Peng et al., unpub. China: 27-Oct-2005
DHAV-1 SG CG 7699 FJ971623 Liu et al., unpub. China: Apr-2007
DHAV-1 NA CG 7692 GQ130377 Wang et al., 2008 China: 2008
DHAV-1 C-LGJ CG 7689 GU066819 Pan et al., unpub. China
DHAV-1 C-XNH CG 7689 GU066820 Pan et al., unpub. China
DHAV-1 C-QYD CG 7690 GU066825 Pan et al., unpub. China
DHAV-1 MY CG 7692 GU944671 Xia et al., unpub. China: Jan-2006
DHAV-1 MY VP1 714 GU363950 Lu et al., unpub. China
DHAV-1 VXXT CG 7703 JF914945 Doan et al., unpub. Vietnam: 2007; vaccine strain
DHAV-1 GL08 VP1 714 JF925122 Doan et al., unpub. Vietnam: 2008
DHAV-1 SY07 VP1 711 JF437537 Li et al., unpub. China: 2007
DHAV-1 SY0812 VP1 714 JF437538 Li et al., unpub. China: Dec-2008
DHAV-1 ZJ0706 VP1 714 JF437539 Li et al., unpub. China: Jun-2007
DHAV-1 ZJ0809 VP1 714 JF437540 Li et al., unpub. China: Sep-2008
DHAV-1 ZJ0812 VP1 711 JF437541 Li et al., unpub. China: Dec-2008
DHAV-1 FC64 CG 7696 HQ232302 Ding et al., unpub. China: 2009
DHAV-1 SH-1 CG 7654 HQ232303 Ding et al., unpub. China: 2010
DHAV-1 X CG(p) 7683 JQ316452 Cheng & Wang, unpub. China; 5' end missing
DHAV-1 H CG 7768 JQ301467 Cheng & Wang, unpub. China: 1993; extra 79 nt at 5' end
DHAV-1 ZJ CG 7706 EU841005 He et al., unpub. China:Zhanjiang; Mar-2007
DHAV-1 SH CG 7654 HQ265433 Song et al., 2014 China: 2009
DHAV-1 duck/CH/LBJ/030423 CG 7705 JF828982 Liu et al., unpub. China: 2003
DHAV-1 duck/CH/LFJ CG 7703 JF828983 Liu et al., unpub. China: 2009
DHAV-1 duck/CH/LGD/100913 CG 7705 JF828984 Liu et al., unpub. China: 2010
DHAV-1 duck/CH/LGD/100915 CG 7705 JF828985 Liu et al., unpub. China: 2010
DHAV-1 duck/CH/LGD/100916 CG 7705 JF828986 Liu et al., unpub. China: 2010
DHAV-1 duck/CH/LGD/100922 CG 7705 JF828987 Liu et al., unpub. China: 2010
DHAV-1 duck/CH/LGD/100928 CG 7705 JF828988 Liu et al., unpub. China: 2010
DHAV-1 duck/CH/LSD/090830 CG 7705 JF828989 Liu et al., unpub. China: 2009
DHAV-1 duck/CH/LSD/101003 CG 7703 JF828990 Liu et al., unpub. China: 2009
DHAV-1 duck/CH/LSD/101004 CG 7702 JF828991 Liu et al., unpub. China: 2010
DHAV-1 duck/CH/LSD/101006 CG 7703 JF828992 Liu et al., unpub. China: 2010
DHAV-1 duck/CH/LYN/080704 CG 7703 JF828993 Liu et al., unpub. China: 2008
DHAV-1 duck/CH/LBJ/090809 CG 7704 JF828997 Liu et al., unpub. China: 2009
DHAV-1 P16 CG 7704 JF828998 Liu et al., unpub. China
DHAV-1 P29 CG 7704 JF828999 Liu et al., unpub. China
DHAV-1 P40 CG 7707 JF829000 Liu et al., unpub. China
DHAV-1 duck/Vietnam/VXXT/2007 CG 7703 JF914945 Doan et al., unpub. vaccine strain
DHAV-1 duck/China/HB02/2011 CG 7688 JQ031262 Hu et al., unpub.  
DHAV-1 duck/China/LGD/111238/2011 CG 7704 JQ804521 Liu et al., unpub.  
DHAV-1 duck/China/LGD/111239/2011 CG 7704 JQ804522 Liu et al., unpub.  
DHAV-1 ZJ-A (att. vaccine strain) CG 7690 JQ808452 Liu, unpub. China; Jan-2010
DHAV-1 duck/China/SY5/2008 CG 7690 JQ808453 Liu, unpub. Zhe Jiang Province
DHAV-1 duck/China/FZ86/1986 CG 7703 JX390982 Shi et al., unpub.  
DHAV-1 duck/China/FZ05/2005 CG 7703 JX390983 Shi et al., unpub.  
DHAV-1 duck/China/FZ99/1999 CG 7711 JX390984 Shi et al., unpub.  
DHAV-1 duck/China/SD/1/2009 2C 999 JX183548 Yang et al., 2012  
DHAV-1 pigeon/China/FJ1220/2012 CG 7708 KC904272 Shi et al., 2013  
DHAV-1 duck/LQ1/China/2008 VP1 714 KF826747 Ma et al., 2015  
DHAV-1 duck/LQ2/China/2008 VP1 714 KF826748 Ma et al., 2015  
DHAV-1 duck/LQ3/China/2009 VP1 714 KF826749 Ma et al., 2015  
DHAV-1 duck/LQ4/China/2009 VP1 714 KF826750 Ma et al., 2015  
DHAV-1 duck/LQ5/China/2009 VP1 714 KF826751 Ma et al., 2015  
DHAV-1 duck/LQ7/China/2009 VP1 714 KF826752 Ma et al., 2015  
DHAV-1 duck/LQ8/China/2009 VP1 714 KF826753 Ma et al., 2015  
DHAV-1 duck/DZ/China/2011 VP1 714 KF826754 Ma et al., 2015  
DHAV-1 duck/HY/China/2011 VP1 714 KF826755 Ma et al., 2015  
DHAV-1 duck/CP/China/2012 VP1 714 KF826760 Ma et al., 2015  
DHAV-1 duck/HCZY/China/2012 VP1 714 KF826761 Ma et al., 2015  
DHAV-1 duck/JNI/China/2012 VP1 714 KF826764 Ma et al., 2015  
DHAV-1 duck/MPZJ1206/China/2011 CG 7703 KF924552 Fu et al., unpub. Muscovy duck
DHAV-1 duck/CH2012/China/2012 CG 7690 KF953535 Zhang et al., unpub. Muscovy duck
DHAV-1 duck/GD/China/2012 CG 7702 KM017068 Ren, unpub. Mallard
DHAV-1 duck/CH/JS2013 CG 7691 KP721458 Zhao et al., unpub.  
DHAV-1 duck/CH60/China/2000
         (vaccine strain)
CG 7690 KU923754 Cheng et al., unpub.  
DHAV-1 duck/LY0802 CG 7710 KX242347 Chen et al., unpub.  
DHAV-1 duck/FC16115/China/2016 CG(p) 7685 MG515248 Zhang, unpub.  
DHAV-1 du/DH/LGD111238/China/2011 CG 7703 MK371020 Liu, unpub.  
DHAV-1 du/DH/LSD111239/China/2011 CG 7703 MK371021 Liu, unpub.  
DHAV-1 du/DH/LSD120220/China/2012 CG 7794 MK371022 Liu, unpub.  
DHAV-1 du/DH/LSD120223/China/2012 CG 7788 MK371023 Liu, unpub.  
DHAV-1 du/DH/LSD120225/China/2012 CG 7785 MK371024 Liu, unpub.  
DHAV-1 duck/FJ15/China/2015 CG(p) 7654 MK294345 Yang et al., unpub.  
DHAV-1 duck/SH02/China/2019 CG(p) 7660 MN442318 Ding & Wang, unpub.  
             
CG = complete genome.
(p) = partial gene sequence.
* length with poly(A) tails removed.

References

Ding, C. and Zhang, D. (2007). Molecular analysis of duck hepatitis virus type 1. Virology 361: 9-17.

Ding, C.Y. and Zhang, D.B. Using 3'RACE to determine the 3'terminal sequence of genome RNA of duck hepatitis virus.  Unpublished.

Feng, L.F., Wu, P.F., Zhang, G.Z., Su, J.L. and Han, B. Genome analysis of Duck hepatitis virus type 1 strain S. Unpublished. [College of Veterinary Medicine, China Agricultural University, Yuanmingyuan West Road No. 2, Beijing 100094, China]

Feng, L.F., Wu, P.F., Zhang, G.Z., Han, B. and Su, J.L. Genome analysis of Duck hepatitis virus type 1 strain JX. Unpublished. [Department of Preventative Veterinary Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Yuanmingyuan West Road No. 2, Beijing 100094, China]

Jiang, Y., Wang, L. and Zhang, D. Unpublished. [China Agricultural University, College of Veterinary Medicine, Yuanmingyuan West Road No. 2, Beijing 100094, China]

Kim, M.-C., Kwon, Y.-K., Joh, S.-J., Lindberg, A.M., Kwon, J.-H., Kim, J.-H. and Kim, S.-J. (2006). Molecular analysis of duck hepatitis virus type 1 reveals a novel lineage close to the genus Parechovirus in the family Picornaviridae. J. Gen. Virol. 87: 3307-3316.

Kim, M.C., Kwon, Y.K., Joh, S.J., Kwon, J.H., Kim, J.H. and Kim, S.J. (2007a). Development of one-step reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction to detect duck hepatitis virus type 1. Avian Dis. 51: 540-545.

Kim, M.C., Kwon, Y.K., Joh, S.J., Kim, S.J., Tolf, C., Kim, J.H., Sung, H.W., Lindberg, A.M. and Kwon, J.H. (2007b). Recent Korean isolates of duck hepatitis virus reveal the presence of a new geno- and serotype when compared to duck hepatitis virus type 1 type strains. Arch. Virol. 152: 2059-2072.

Liu, G., Wang, F., Ni, Z., Yun, T., Yu, B., Huang, J. and Chen, J. (2008). Genetic diversity of the VP1 gene of duck hepatitis virus type I (DHV-I) isolates from southeast China is related to isolate attenuation. Virus Res. 137: 137-141.

Liu, B., Jiang, S.J., Gao, J.M., Wang, B. and Liu, S.N. Molecular analysis of Duck hepatitis virus 1 of strain SG. Unpublished. [College of Animal Science and Technology, Shandong Agricultural University, Dai zong, Tai'an, Shan dong 271018, China]

Liu, G., Wang, F., Ni, Z. and Hua, J. (a). Sequencing and analysis of a duck hepatitis virus type I strain from southeast China. Unpublished. [Institute of Virology and Biotechnology, Zhejiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, No.198 Shi Qiao Road, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310021, China]

Liu, G., Wang, F. and Hua, J. (b). The complete sequence of VP1 gene of DHV-1. Unpublished.

Liu, G., Ni, Z. and Hua, J. (c). Unpublished. [Zhejiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Institute of Virology and Biotechnology, Hangzhou Shiqiao Rd.198., Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310021, China]

Luo, Y.J., Zhang, G.H., Chen, J.H. and Zhang, J.P. (a). Molecular analysis of duck hepatitis virus type 1. Unpublished. [College of Veterinary Medicine, South China Agricultural University, Wushan, Guanghzou, Guangdong 510642, China]

Luo, Y.J., Zhang, G.H., Xu, X.Q., Chen, J.H. and Liao, M. (2008). Molecular characterization and SYBR green I-based quantitative PCR for duck hepatitis virus type 1. Agric. Sci. China 7: 1140-1146.

Ma, X.L., Yu, K.X., Song, M.X., Huang, B., Li, Y.F., Wu, J. and Lin, S.Q. Determination of the whole genome of duck hepatitis virus isolates from China. Unpublished. [Key Lab of Poultry Disease Diagnostics and Immunology, Institute of Poultry Science, Shandong Academy of Agriculture, No. 1 Jiaoxiao Road, Jinan, Shandong 250023, China]

Ma, X., Sheng, Z., Huang, B., Qi, L., Li, Y., Yu, K., Liu, C., Qin, Z., Wang, D., Song, M. and Li, F. (2015). Molecular evolution and genetic analysis of the major capsid protein VP1 of duck hepatitis A viruses: implications for antigenic stability. PLoS One 10(7): e0132982.

Shi, S., Chen, H., Chen, Z., Fu, G., Wan, C., Huang, Y., Lin, S., Cheng, L., Fu, Q., Lin, J. and Lin, F. (2013). Complete genome sequence of a duck hepatitis a virus 1 isolated from a pigeon in China. Genome Announc. 1 (4), E00451-13.

Song, C., Yu, S., Duan, Y., Hu, Y., Qiu, X., Tan, L., Sun, Y., Wang, M., Cheng, A. and Ding, C. (2014). Effect of age on the pathogenesis of DHV-1 in Pekin ducks and on the innate immune responses of ducks to infection. Arch. Virol. 159: 905-914.

Tseng, C.H., Knowles, N.J. and Tsai, H.J. (2007). Molecular analysis of type 1 duck hepatitis virus indicated that it should be assigned to a new genus. Virus Research 123: 190-203.

Wang, L. and Zhang, D. Unpublished. [College of Veterinary Medicine, China Agricultural University, Yuanmingyuan West Road No. 2, Beijing, Beijing 100094, China]

Wang, C., Xu, W.Z., Dang, Z.G. and Chen, P.Y. Unpublished. [Key Laboratory of Animal Disease Diagnositic & Immunology, Ministry of Agriculture, College of Veterinary Medicine, Nanjing Agricultrual University, No.1 Weigang, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210095, China]

Wang, S., Chen, S.-Y., Zhu, X.-L., Cheng, X.-X., Cheng, S.-L. and Lin, F.-Q. (2008). Isolation and identification of duck hepatitis virus and VP1 gene sequence analysis. Fujian Nong Ye Xue Bao 23: 359-363.

Wu, P.F., Zhang, G.Z., Su, J.L., Han, B. and Feng, L.F. Sequencing and further analysis of duck hepatitis virus 1 strain F. Unpublished. [College of Veterinary Medicine, China Agricultural Universty, Yuanmingyuan West Road No. 2, BeiJing 100094, China]

Xin, H.Y., Cheng, A.C. and Wang, M.S. Method of the RT-PCR for the detection of duck hepatitis virus 1. Unpublished. [College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Sichuan Agricultural University, 46# Xinkang Road, Ya'an, Sichuan 625014, P.R. China.]

Yang, M., Cheng, A., Wang, M. and Xing, H. (2008). Development and application of a one-step real-time Taqman RT-PCR assay for detection of duck hepatitis virus type1. J. Virol. Methods. 153: 55-60.

Yang, L., Li, J., Bi, Y., Xu, L. and Liu, W. (2012). Development and application of a reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification method for rapid detection of duck hepatitis A virus type 1. Virus Genes, in press.

Zhang, Y. and Guo, D. Unpublished. [National Key Laboratory of Veterinary Biotechnology, Harbin Veterinary Research Institute, No. 427 Maduan Street, Harbin 150001, P.R. China]

Zhang, X.F., Zhao, R.H. and Wen, L.B. (a) Unpublished [Veterinary Science, Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Zhong Ling Street 50, Nan Jing, Jiangsu 210014, China].

Zhang, W., Zhang, W.P., Gu, C.Q., Hu, X.Y., Jin, X., Wang, H. and Cheng, G.F. (b) Molecular analysis of duck hepatitis virus type 1 of strain JX. Unpublished. [College of Veterinary Medicine, Huazhong Agricultural University, Shizishan Road No.1, Wuhan, Hubei 430070, China.]

 

 

 

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