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Swine vesicular disease (SVD) is no longer an OIE Listed Disease (from 2015)
 

SVDV Nucleotide Sequence Data

CVB5 Nucleotide Sequence Data

 

SVD outbreaks in Italy 2004-2013

 
Complete genome sequence of a early isolate (1970) of SVDV from Hong Kong: AY429470. Ye, G., Liu, X., Zhang, Y., Ma, Y., Han, X., Zhang, M., Zhang, Y. and Xie, Q. The complete genome and nucleotide sequence analysis of swine vesicular disease virus strain HK '70 isolated in Hong Kong in 1970. Unpublished. [Lanzhou Veterinary Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science (CAAS), XuJiaPing No. 11 YanChang Road, LanZhou, GanSu 730046, China]

Second crystal structure of SVDV (strain SPA/2/93): Verdaguer, N., Jimenez-Clavero, M.A., Fita, I. and Ley, V. (2003). Structure of swine vesicular disease virus: mapping of changes occurring during adaptation of human coxsackie B5 virus to infect swine. J. Virol. 77: 9780-9789.


The crystal structure of swine vesicular disease virus (strain UKG/27/72): Fry, E.E., Knowles, N.J., Newman, J.W.I., Wilsden, G., Rao, Z., King, A.M.Q., and Stuart, D.I. (2003). Crystal structure of swine vesicular disease virus and implications for host adaptation. Journal of Virology 77: 5475-5486.

Worldwide Occurrence of Swine Vesicular Disease

compiled by N.J. Knowles

Last updated: 19 December 2019


Occurrence of Swine Vesicular Disease (1966 to 1980)
Country 1966 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980
Austria - - - 3 >13 5 3 6 - 1 +a -
Belgium - - - - 1b - - - - - 6 -
Bulgaria - - + - - - - - - - - -
Chinag - - - - - - - - - - - -
France - - - - + - 3 - - - - -
Germany (East)g - - - - - - - - - - - -
Germany (West) - - - - 2 2 11 2 1 2 - 1
Great Britain - - - 13 137 187 45 3 18 - 43 60
Greece - - - - - - - - - - 1 -
Hong Kong - 1 10 2 2 4 3 3 1 - 1 2
Italy 2 - - >23 + 32 23 1 39 21 9 29
Japan - - - - 16 - 2c 6d - - - -
Malta - - - - - - >100 - - - - -
Netherlands - - - - - - 1 - - - - -
Poland - - - 2 +e - - - - - - -
Portugal - - - - - - - - - - - -
Romania - - - ?f + - - - - - - -
Spain - - - - - - - - - - - -
Switzerland - - - - - - - - - - -
Taiwan Province of China - - - - - - - - - - - -
USSR - - - + - - + - - - - -

Occurrence of Swine Vesicular Disease (1981 to 1992)
Country 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992
Austria - - - - - - - - - - - -
Belgium - - - - - - - - - - - 1h
Bulgaria - - - - - - - - - - - -
Chinag - - - - - - - - - - - -
France - 1 3 - - - - - - - - -
Germany (East)g - - - - - - - - - - - -
Germany (West) 1 1 - - 1b - - - - - - -
Great Britain 12 14 - - - - - - - - - -
Greece - - - - - - - - - - - -
Hong Kong 5 - - 1 3 - 6 2 2 - 4 -
Italy 5 8 4 1 - - - 1 1 - 6 31
Japan - - - - - - - - - - - -
Malta - - - - - - - - - - - -
Netherlands - - - - - - - - - - - 6
Poland - - - - - - - - - - - -
Portugal - - - - - - - - - - - -
Romania - - - - - - + - - - - -
Spain - - - - - - - - - - - -
Switzerland - - - - - - - - - - - -
Taiwan Province of China - - - - - - - - - - - -
USSR - - - - - - - - - - - -

Occurrence of Swine Vesicular Disease (1993 to 2004)
Country 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
Austria - - - - - - - - - - - -
Belgium 1h - - - - - - - - - - -
Bulgaria - - - - - - - - - - - -
Chinag - - - - - - - - - - - -
France - - - - - - - - - - - -
Germany (East)g - - - - - - - - - - - -
Germany (West) - - - - - - - - - - - -
Great Britain - - - - - - - - - - - -
Greece - - - - - - - - - - - -
Hong Kong - - - - - - - - - - - -
Italy 11 30 16 5 16 25 15 5 10 171k 23k 125
Japan - - - - - - - - - - - -
Malta - - - - - - - - - - - -
Netherlands - 3 - - - - - - - - - -
Poland - - - - - - - - - - - -
Portugal - - 1i - - - - - - - 1 1
Romania - - - - - - - - - - - -
Spain 3 - - - - - 1j - - - - -
Switzerland - - - - - - - - - - - -
Taiwan Province of China - - - - + + - + ? - - -
Former USSR - - - - - - - - - - - -

Occurrence of Swine Vesicular Disease (2005-2016)
Country 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Austria - - - - - - - - - - - -
Belgium - - - - - - - - - - - -
Bulgaria - - - - - - - - - - - -
Chinag - - - - - - - - - - - -
France - - - - - - - - - - - -
Germany (East)g - - - - - - - - - - - -
Germany (West) - - - - - - - - - - - -
Great Britain - - - - - - - - - - - -
Greece - - - - - - - - - - - -
Hong Kong - - - - - - - - - - - -
Italy 13 51 89 65 18 4 25 7 1 5 1 -
Japan - - - - - - - - - - - -
Malta - - - - - - - - - - - -
Netherlands - - - - - - - - - - - -
Poland - - - - - - - - - - - -
Portugal - - 1 - - - - - - - - -
Romania - - - - - - - - - - - -
Spain - - - - - - - - - - - -
Switzerland - - - - - - - - - - - -
Taiwan Province of China - - - - - - - - - - - -
Former USSR - - - - - - - - - - - -
a, unknown number of outbreaks-
b, not confirmed by laboratory investigations
c, one clinical outbreak and one farm where SVDV was isolated from healthy pigs
d, all from clinically normal pigs
e, 100-200 outbreaks ?
f, vesicular disease in pigs on a few farms, SVD suspected but no virus isolated (origin: pig meat from China)
g, dates and numbers of outbreaks not known
h, no clinical disease, diagnosis based on serology
i, virus isolated from one farm, however, approx. four more farms were sero-positive
j, sequence analysis suggested that the virus isolated was a laboratory contaminant
k, all were sub-clinical infections
 

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