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Genus supergroups
Alphabetical List
Hosts
New picornaviruses
Ampivirus
Aphthovirus
Aquamavirus
Avihepatovirus
Avisivirus
Cardiovirus
Cosavirus
Dicipivirus
Enterovirus
Erbovirus
Gallivirus
Harkavirus
Hepatovirus
Hunnivirus
Kobuvirus
Kunsagivirus
Limnipivirus
Megrivirus
Mischivirus
Mosavirus
Oscivirus
Parechovirus
Pasivirus
Passerivirus
Potamipivirus
Rabovirus
Rosavirus
Sakobuvirus
Salivirus
Sapelovirus
Senecavirus
Sicinivirus
Teschovirus
Torchivirus
Tremovirus
Proposed new taxa
Unassigned PV
Candidate PV
Search for New Picornaviruses
Former picornaviruses
Taxonomy guidelines
Sequences
3-D Structures
Links
 

Welcome to the home of Picornaviruses

The family Picornaviridae belongs to the order Picornavirales and currently consists of 80 species grouped into 35 genera (as of March 2017).

Ampivirus Aphthovirus Aquamavirus Avihepatovirus Avisivirus
Cardiovirus Cosavirus Dicipivirus Enterovirus Erbovirus
Gallivirus Harkavirus Hepatovirus Hunnivirus Kobuvirus
Kunsagivirus Limnipivirus Megrivirus Mischivirus Mosavirus
Oscivirus Parechovirus Pasivirus Passerivirus Potamipivirus
Rabovirus Rosavirus Sakobuvirus Salivirus Sapelovirus
Senecavirus Sicinivirus Teschovirus Torchivirus Tremovirus

(Zell et al., 2017; Knowles et al., 2012; Adams et al., 2013, 2014, 2015; 2016; ICTV Master Species List 2016).

The Picornaviridae pages have been updated to reflect the new taxonomy approved by the ICTV in March 2014 (Adams et al., 2014), February 2015 (Adams et al., 2015), April 2016 (Adams et al., 2016) and March 2017 (Adams et al., 2017) and is now based on the ICTV 10th Report Chapter - Picornaviridae (Zell et al., 2017).

An important note on names and orthography:

  • ICTV approved genera and species names are shown in italics, e.g. Hunnivirus A (except in menus because of technical difficulties).

  • Proposed (i.e. a proposal has been submitted to the ICTV) genera and species names are enclosed within double quotation marks, e.g. "Acmevirus A".

  • Candidate genera and species names are enclosed within single quotation marks, e.g. 'Acmevirus B'.

Alphabetical list of picornaviruses

New picornaviruses

References

Adams, M.J., King, A.M.Q. and Carstens, E.B. (2013). Ratification vote on taxonomic proposals to the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (2013). Archives of Virology 158: 2023–2030.

Adams, M.J., Lefkowitz, E.J., King, A.M.Q. and Carstens, E.B. (2014). Ratification vote on taxonomic proposals to the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (2014). Arch Virol. 159: 2831-2841.

Adams, M.J., Lefkowitz, E.J., King, A.M.Q., Bamford, D.H., Breitbart, M., Davison, A.J., Ghabrial, S.A., Gorbalenya, A.E., Knowles, N.J., Krell, P., Lavigne, R., Prangishvili, D., Sanfaçon, H., Siddell, S.G., Simmonds, P. and Carstens, E.B. (2015). Ratification vote on taxonomic proposals to the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (2015). Arch. Virol. 160: 1837-1850.

Adams, M.J., Lefkowitz, E.J., King, A.M.Q., Harrach, B., Harrison, R.L., Knowles, N.J., Kropinski, A.M., Krupovic, M., Kuhn, J.H., Mushegian, A.R., Nibert, M., Sabanadzovic, S., Sanfaçon, H., Siddell, S.G., Simmonds, P., Varsani, A., Zerbini, F.M., Gorbalenya, A.E., Davison, A.J. (2016). Ratification vote on taxonomic proposals to the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (2016). Arch Virol. 161: 2921-2949.

Adams, M.J., Lefkowitz, E.J., King, A.M.Q., Harrach, B., Harrison, R.L., Knowles, N.J., Kropinski, A.M., Krupovic, M., Kuhn, J.H., Mushegian, A.R., Nibert, M., Sabanadzovic, S., Sanfaçon, H., Siddell, S.G., Simmonds, P., Varsani, A., Zerbini, FM., Gorbalenya, A.E., Davison, A.J. (2017). Changes to taxonomy and the International Code of Virus Classification and Nomenclature ratified by the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (2017). Arch Virol. 2017 Apr 22. doi: 10.1007/s00705-017-3358-5. [Epub ahead of print]

Knowles, N.J., Hovi, T, Hyypiä, T., King, A.M.Q., Lindberg, A.M., Pallansch, M.A., Palmenberg, A.C., Simmonds, P., Skern, T., Stanway, G., Yamashita, T. and Zell, R. (2012). Picornaviridae. In: Virus Taxonomy: Classification and Nomenclature of Viruses: Ninth Report of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses. Ed: King, A.M.Q., Adams, M.J., Carstens, E.B. and Lefkowitz, E.J. San Diego: Elsevier, pp 855-880.

Zell, R., Delwart, E., Gorbalenya, A.E., Hovi, T., King, A.M.Q., Knowles, N.J., Lindberg, A.M., Pallansch, M.A., Palmenberg, A.C., Reuter, G., Simmonds, P., Skern, T., Stanway, G., Yamashita, T. and ICTV Report Consortium. (2017). ICTV Virus Taxonomy Profile: Picornaviridae. J. Gen. Virol. 2017 Sep 8. doi: 10.1099/jgv.0.000911. [Epub ahead of print]


Interesting reading...
Wang, X., Ren, J., Gao, Q., Hu, Z., Sun, Y., Li, X., Rowlands, D.J., Yin, W., Wang, J., Stuart, D.I., Rao, Z. and Fry, E.E. (2014). Hepatitis A virus and the origins of picornaviruses. Nature 2014 Oct 19. doi: 10.1038/nature13806. [Epub ahead of print]. PubMed PMID: 25327248.

Koonin, E.V., Wolf, Y.I., Nagasaki, K. and Dolja, V.V. (2008). The Big Bang of picorna-like virus evolution antedates the radiation of eukaryotic supergroups. Nat. Rev. Microbiol. 6: 925-939. Epub 2008 Nov 10.

Quick-links
ICTV Picornaviridae Study Group
EUROPIC
Picornavirales
Nick Knowles' Virus Pages at The Pirbright Institute
Virus Pathogen Resource (ViPR)
New ICTV website
Picornaviruses at MicrobiologyBytes
  Picornaviridae at ViralZone
 
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