The
Picornavirus
Pages
Picornaviridae.com

Child level

Home
Genus supergroups
Supergroup 1
Supergroup 2
Supergroup 3
Supergroup 4
Supergroup 5
Supergroup 6
Ungrouped
Alphabetical List
Hosts
New picornaviruses
Proposed new taxa
Unassigned PV
Candidate PV
Search for New Picornaviruses
Former picornaviruses
Taxonomy guidelines
Sequences
3-D Structures
Links
 

Welcome to the home of Picornaviruses

The family Picornaviridae belongs to the order Picornavirales and currently consists of 94 species  grouped into 40 genera (as of February 2018). Seven new picornavirus genera have been proposed to the ICTV bringing the total to 47 genera. Additionally, 16 new species have also been proposed bringing the total to 110.

Aalivirus "Ailurivirus" Ampivirus "Anativirus" Aphthovirus
Aquamavirus Avihepatovirus Avisivirus Bopivirus Cardiovirus
Cosavirus Crohivirus Dicipivirus Enterovirus Erbovirus
Gallivirus Harkavirus Hepatovirus Hunnivirus Kobuvirus
Kunsagivirus Limnipivirus "Livupivirus" "Malagasivirus" Megrivirus
Mischivirus Mosavirus Orivirus Oscivirus Parechovirus
Pasivirus Passerivirus "Poecivirus" Potamipivirus Rabovirus
"Rafivirus" Rosavirus Sakobuvirus Salivirus Sapelovirus
Senecavirus Shanbavirus Sicinivirus Teschovirus Torchivirus
"Tottorivirus" Tremovirus      

The Picornaviridae pages have been updated to reflect the new taxonomy approved by the ICTV in March 2017 (Adams et al., 2017) and February 2018 (King et al., 2018). Thus the taxonomy is based on the ICTV 10th Report Chapter - Picornaviridae (Zell et al., 2017) and the ICTV Master Species List 2017.

An important note on names and orthography:

  • ICTV approved genera and species names are shown in italics, e.g. Hunnivirus A (except in menus and page titles because of technical difficulties).

  • Proposed (i.e. a proposal has been submitted to the ICTV) genera and species names are enclosed within double quotation marks, e.g. "Acmevirus A".

  • Candidate genera and species names are enclosed within single quotation marks, e.g. 'Acmevirus B'.

Alphabetical list of picornaviruses

New picornaviruses

References

Adams, M.J., Lefkowitz, E.J., King, A.M.Q., Harrach, B., Harrison, R.L., Knowles, N.J., Kropinski, A.M., Krupovic, M., Kuhn, J.H., Mushegian, A.R., Nibert, M., Sabanadzovic, S., Sanfaçon, H., Siddell, S.G., Simmonds, P., Varsani, A., Zerbini, FM., Gorbalenya, A.E., Davison, A.J. (2017). Changes to taxonomy and the International Code of Virus Classification and Nomenclature ratified by the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (2017). Arch Virol. 2017 Apr 22. doi: 10.1007/s00705-017-3358-5. [Epub ahead of print]

King, A.M.Q., Lefkowitz, E.J., Mushegian, A.R., Adams, M.J., Dutilh, B.E., Gorbalenya, A.E., Harrach, B., Harrison, R.L., Junglen, S., Knowles, N.J., Kropinski, A.M., Krupovic, M., Kuhn, J.H., Nibert, M.L., Rubino, L., Sabanadzovic, S., Sanfaçon, H., Siddell, S.G., Simmonds, P., Varsani, A., Zerbini, F.M., Davison, A.J. (2018). Changes to taxonomy and the International Code of Virus Classification and Nomenclature ratified by the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (2018). Arch Virol. 2018 May 12. doi: 10.1007/s00705-018-3847-1. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 29754305.

Zell, R., Delwart, E., Gorbalenya, A.E., Hovi, T., King, A.M.Q., Knowles, N.J., Lindberg, A.M., Pallansch, M.A., Palmenberg, A.C., Reuter, G., Simmonds, P., Skern, T., Stanway, G., Yamashita, T. and ICTV Report Consortium. (2017). ICTV Virus Taxonomy Profile: Picornaviridae. J. Gen. Virol. 2017 Sep 8. doi: 10.1099/jgv.0.000911. [Epub ahead of print]


Interesting reading...
Wang, X., Ren, J., Gao, Q., Hu, Z., Sun, Y., Li, X., Rowlands, D.J., Yin, W., Wang, J., Stuart, D.I., Rao, Z. and Fry, E.E. (2014). Hepatitis A virus and the origins of picornaviruses. Nature 2014 Oct 19. doi: 10.1038/nature13806. [Epub ahead of print]. PubMed PMID: 25327248.

Koonin, E.V., Wolf, Y.I., Nagasaki, K. and Dolja, V.V. (2008). The Big Bang of picorna-like virus evolution antedates the radiation of eukaryotic supergroups. Nat. Rev. Microbiol. 6: 925-939. Epub 2008 Nov 10.

Quick-links
ICTV Picornaviridae Study Group
EUROPIC
Picornavirales
Nick Knowles' Virus Pages at The Pirbright Institute
Virus Pathogen Resource (ViPR)
New ICTV website
Picornaviruses at MicrobiologyBytes
  Picornaviridae at ViralZone
 
Copyright © 2006 - The Pirbright Institute, UK. All Rights Reserved.