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Welcome to the home of Picornaviruses

The family Picornaviridae belongs to the order Picornavirales and currently consists of 94 species  grouped into 40 genera (as of February 2018).

Aalivirus Ampivirus Aphthovirus Aquamavirus Avihepatovirus
Avisivirus Bopivirus Cardiovirus Cosavirus Crohivirus
Dicipivirus Enterovirus Erbovirus Gallivirus Harkavirus
Hepatovirus Hunnivirus Kobuvirus Kunsagivirus Limnipivirus
Megrivirus Mischivirus Mosavirus Orivirus Oscivirus
Parechovirus Pasivirus Passerivirus Potamipivirus Rabovirus
Rosavirus Sakobuvirus Salivirus Sapelovirus Senecavirus
Shanbavirus Sicinivirus Teschovirus Torchivirus Tremovirus

(Zell et al., 2017; Knowles et al., 2012; Adams et al., 2013, 2014, 2015; 2016; ICTV Master Species List 2016).

The Picornaviridae pages have been updated to reflect the new taxonomy approved by the ICTV in March 2014 (Adams et al., 2014), February 2015 (Adams et al., 2015), April 2016 (Adams et al., 2016), March 2017 (Adams et al., 2017) and February 2018 (King et al., 2018). Thus the taxonomy is based on the ICTV 10th Report Chapter - Picornaviridae (Zell et al., 2017) and the ICTV Master Species List 2017.

An important note on names and orthography:

  • ICTV approved genera and species names are shown in italics, e.g. Hunnivirus A (except in menus because of technical difficulties).

  • Proposed (i.e. a proposal has been submitted to the ICTV) genera and species names are enclosed within double quotation marks, e.g. "Acmevirus A".

  • Candidate genera and species names are enclosed within single quotation marks, e.g. 'Acmevirus B'.

Alphabetical list of picornaviruses

New picornaviruses

References

Adams, M.J., King, A.M.Q. and Carstens, E.B. (2013). Ratification vote on taxonomic proposals to the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (2013). Archives of Virology 158: 2023–2030.

Adams, M.J., Lefkowitz, E.J., King, A.M.Q. and Carstens, E.B. (2014). Ratification vote on taxonomic proposals to the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (2014). Arch Virol. 159: 2831-2841.

Adams, M.J., Lefkowitz, E.J., King, A.M.Q., Bamford, D.H., Breitbart, M., Davison, A.J., Ghabrial, S.A., Gorbalenya, A.E., Knowles, N.J., Krell, P., Lavigne, R., Prangishvili, D., Sanfaçon, H., Siddell, S.G., Simmonds, P. and Carstens, E.B. (2015). Ratification vote on taxonomic proposals to the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (2015). Arch. Virol. 160: 1837-1850.

Adams, M.J., Lefkowitz, E.J., King, A.M.Q., Harrach, B., Harrison, R.L., Knowles, N.J., Kropinski, A.M., Krupovic, M., Kuhn, J.H., Mushegian, A.R., Nibert, M., Sabanadzovic, S., Sanfaçon, H., Siddell, S.G., Simmonds, P., Varsani, A., Zerbini, F.M., Gorbalenya, A.E., Davison, A.J. (2016). Ratification vote on taxonomic proposals to the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (2016). Arch Virol. 161: 2921-2949.

Adams, M.J., Lefkowitz, E.J., King, A.M.Q., Harrach, B., Harrison, R.L., Knowles, N.J., Kropinski, A.M., Krupovic, M., Kuhn, J.H., Mushegian, A.R., Nibert, M., Sabanadzovic, S., Sanfaçon, H., Siddell, S.G., Simmonds, P., Varsani, A., Zerbini, FM., Gorbalenya, A.E., Davison, A.J. (2017). Changes to taxonomy and the International Code of Virus Classification and Nomenclature ratified by the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (2017). Arch Virol. 2017 Apr 22. doi: 10.1007/s00705-017-3358-5. [Epub ahead of print]

King, A.M.Q., Lefkowitz, E.J., Mushegian, A.R., Adams, M.J., Dutilh, B.E., Gorbalenya, A.E., Harrach, B., Harrison, R.L., Junglen, S., Knowles, N.J., Kropinski, A.M., Krupovic, M., Kuhn, J.H., Nibert, M.L., Rubino, L., Sabanadzovic, S., Sanfaçon, H., Siddell, S.G., Simmonds, P., Varsani, A., Zerbini, F.M., Davison, A.J. (2018). Changes to taxonomy and the International Code of Virus Classification and Nomenclature ratified by the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (2018). Arch Virol. 2018 May 12. doi: 10.1007/s00705-018-3847-1. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 29754305.

Knowles, N.J., Hovi, T, Hyypiä, T., King, A.M.Q., Lindberg, A.M., Pallansch, M.A., Palmenberg, A.C., Simmonds, P., Skern, T., Stanway, G., Yamashita, T. and Zell, R. (2012). Picornaviridae. In: Virus Taxonomy: Classification and Nomenclature of Viruses: Ninth Report of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses. Ed: King, A.M.Q., Adams, M.J., Carstens, E.B. and Lefkowitz, E.J. San Diego: Elsevier, pp 855-880.

Zell, R., Delwart, E., Gorbalenya, A.E., Hovi, T., King, A.M.Q., Knowles, N.J., Lindberg, A.M., Pallansch, M.A., Palmenberg, A.C., Reuter, G., Simmonds, P., Skern, T., Stanway, G., Yamashita, T. and ICTV Report Consortium. (2017). ICTV Virus Taxonomy Profile: Picornaviridae. J. Gen. Virol. 2017 Sep 8. doi: 10.1099/jgv.0.000911. [Epub ahead of print]


Interesting reading...
Wang, X., Ren, J., Gao, Q., Hu, Z., Sun, Y., Li, X., Rowlands, D.J., Yin, W., Wang, J., Stuart, D.I., Rao, Z. and Fry, E.E. (2014). Hepatitis A virus and the origins of picornaviruses. Nature 2014 Oct 19. doi: 10.1038/nature13806. [Epub ahead of print]. PubMed PMID: 25327248.

Koonin, E.V., Wolf, Y.I., Nagasaki, K. and Dolja, V.V. (2008). The Big Bang of picorna-like virus evolution antedates the radiation of eukaryotic supergroups. Nat. Rev. Microbiol. 6: 925-939. Epub 2008 Nov 10.

Quick-links
ICTV Picornaviridae Study Group
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Picornavirales
Nick Knowles' Virus Pages at The Pirbright Institute
Virus Pathogen Resource (ViPR)
New ICTV website
Picornaviruses at MicrobiologyBytes
  Picornaviridae at ViralZone
 
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