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 Avian PLV

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Genera

Aalivirus
Ampivirus
Aphthovirus
Aquamavirus
Avihepatovirus
Avisivirus
Bopivirus
Cardiovirus
Cosavirus
Crohivirus
Dicipivirus
Enterovirus
Erbovirus
Gallivirus
Harkavirus
Hepatovirus
Hunnivirus
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Kunsagivirus
Limnipivirus
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Mosavirus
Orivirus
Oscivirus
Parechovirus
Pasivirus
Passerivirus
Potamipivirus
Rabovirus
Rosavirus
Sakobuvirus
Salivirus
Sapelovirus
Senecavirus
Shanbavirus
Sicinivirus
Teschovirus
Torchivirus
Tremovirus
Unassigned
 
avian entero-like virus 2   (AELV-2)
cockatoo entero-like virus   (CELV)
guineafowl transmissible enteritis virus   (GTEV)
turkey entero-like virus   (TELV)
turkey pseudo enterovirus 1 & 2   (TPEV-1 & 2)

 

Classification Common name Strain Origin Host species Disease produced References
Picornaviridae,
Avihepatovirus
DHV I H England Ducks Hepatitis Asplin, 1958;
Tauraso et al., 1969
Astroviridae,
Avastrovirus
DHV II     Ducks Hepatitis  
Astroviridae,
Avastrovirus
DHV III Toth USA? Ducks Hepatitis Toth, 1969;
Haider and Calnek, 1979
? India DHV   India Duck Hepatitis Rao and Gupta, 1967
? Egypt DHV   Egypt Duck Hepatitis Shalaby et al., 1978
Picornaviridae,
Tremovirus
AEV A37020* USA? Fowl, turkeys Encephalo-myelitis ?
Astroviridae,
Avastrovirus
ANV-1 G 4260 Japan Fowl Nephritis Yamaguchi et al., 1978
? ANV-2 M-6 and M-8 Japan Fowl Nephritis Shirai et al., 1991
Astroviridae,
Avastrovirus
ANV-2 ? Japan Fowl Nephritis? Imada et al., unpublished
Astroviridae,
Avastrovirus
ANV-3 WG-3, -4, and -5 Japan Fowl Nephritis Shirai et al., 1991
Astroviridae,
Avastrovirus
ELV-1   Scotland Fowl Runting
syndrome
McNulty et al., 1984
Picornaviridae,
Megrivirus
ELV-2 EF84/700 Northern Ireland Fowl normal McNulty et al., 1987
Astroviridae,
Avastrovirus
ELV-3 FP3 UK Fowl dead-in-shell chicks Spackman et al., 1984
Astroviridae,
Avastrovirus
ELV-4 612 South Africa Fowl respiratory problems McNeilly et al., 1994
Astroviridae,
Avastrovirus
TELV     Turkeys enteritis Guy and Barnes, 1991
Picornaviridae,
unassigned
THV Scotland Turkeys Hepatitis? MacDonald et al., 1982
? TPEV   France Turkeys ? Andral and Toquin, 1984
?  GTEV     Guineafowl enteritis Pascucci and Lavazza, 1993
             

*, Van Roekel strain
AEV, avian encepalomyelitis virus
DHV, duck hepatitis virus
ANV, avian nephritis virus
ELV, entero-like viruses
ELPs, enterovirus like particles (not cultivatable in cell cultures)
GTEV, guineafowl transmissible enteritis virus
TELV, turkey entero-like virus
TPEV, turkey pseudo enterovirus


References

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Andral, B. and Toquin, D. (1984). Observations et isolements de psuedopicornavirus a partir de dindonneaux malades. Avian Pathology 13: 377- 388.

Andral, B., Lagadic, M., Bennejean, G., Toquin, D. and Florent, J.M. (1990). Picorna-like viruses of young turkeys: pathogenesis of a disease of poults caused by a picorna-like virus. Avian Pathology 19: 245-252. (or -254?)

Asplin, F.D. (1956).

Asplin, F.D. (1958). Vet. Rec. 70: 1226-1230.

Asplin, F.D. (1961). Notes on epidemiology and vaccination for virus hepatitis of ducks. Bull. Off. int. Epizoot. 56: 793-800.

Asplin, F.D. (1965). Duck hepatitis: Vaccination against two serological types. Veterinary Record 77: 1529-1530.

Burke, C.N., Luginbuhl, R.E. and Jungherr, E.L. (1959). Avian enteric cytopathogenic viruses. I. Isolation. Avian Diseases 3: 412-419.

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Butterfield, W.K., Luginbuhl, R.E. and Helmboldt, C.F. (1969). Characterization of avian encephalomyelitis virus (an avian enterovirus). Avian Diseases 13: 363-378.

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Davis, D. (1987). Triple plaque purified strains of duck hepatitis virus and their potential as vaccines. Research in Veterinary Science 43: 44-48.

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Gosting, L.H., Grinnell, B.W. and Matsumoto, M. (1980). Physico-chemical and morphological characteristics of avian encephalomyelitis virus. Veterinary Microbiology 5: 87-100.

Gough, R.E., Borland, E.D., Keymer, I.F. and Stuart, J.C. (1985). An outbreak of duck hepatitis type II in commercial ducks. Avian Pathology 14: 227-236.

Guy, J.S. and Barnes, H.J. (1991). Partial characterization of a turkey enterovirus-like virus. Avian Diseases 35: 197-203.

Haider, S.A. and Calnek, B.W. (1979). In vitro isolation, propagation, and characterization of duck hepatitis virus type III. Avian Diseases 23: 715-729.

Hanson, L.E., Rhoades, H.E. and Schricker, R.L. (1964). Properties of duck hepatitis virus. Avian Diseases 8: 196-202.

Hanson, L.E. and Tripathy, D.N. (1976). Oral immunization of ducklings with attenuated duck hepatitis virus. Developments in Biological Standardization 33: 357-363.

Hayhow, C.S. and Saif, Y.M. (1993). Development of an antigen-capture enzyme- linked immunosorbent assay for detection of enterovirus in commercial turkeys. Avian Diseases 37: 375-379.

Hayhow, C.S. and Saif, Y.M. (1993). Experimental infection of specific- pathogen-free turkey poults with single and combined enterovirus and group A rotavirus. Avian Diseases 37: 546-557.

Hayhow, C.S., Parwani, A.V. and Saif, Y.M. (1993). Single-stranded genomic RNA from turkey enterovirus-like virus. Avian Diseases 37: 558-560.

Hayhow, C.S., Saif, Y.M, Kerr, K.M. and Whitmoyer, R.E. (1993). Further observations on enterovirus infection in specific-pathogen-free turkey poults. Avian Diseases 37: 124-134.

Ikeda, S. (1977). Immunodiffusion test in avian encephalomyelitis. I. Standardization of procedure and detection of antigen in infected chickens and embryos. Nat. Inst. Anim. Hlth. Quart. 17: 81-87.

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Jones, 1932

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Matsumoto, M., Wangelin, J.R. and Murphy, M.L. (1978). Purification of avian encephalomyelitis by ultracentrifugation in a nonlinear cesium chloride gradient. Avian Diseases 22: 496-502.

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