Smelt virus-1 (SmV-1) is a
picorna-like virus isolated on the CHSE-214 (chinook salmon) cell
line in August 1986 from clinically normal rainbow smelt (Osmerus mordax) in New
Brunswick, Canada (Moore et al., 1988; Winton, 1989). The virus was resistant to
ether, pH 3.0 and heating to 37 °C for 24 h. It was inactivated
after 6 h at 56 °C.
Smelt virus-2 (SmV-2) is a
picorna-like virus of the European smelt (Osmerus eperlanus) (Ahne
et al., 1990).
Rainbow smelt picornavirus
European smelt picornavirus
(Hetrick and Hedrick, 1993)
Ahne, W., Anders, K., Halder, M. and Yoshimizu, M. (1990). Isolation of
picornavirus-like particles from the European smelt, Osmerus eperlanus
(L). Journal of Fish Diseases 13: 167-168.
Fijan, N. (1999). Spring viraemia
of carp and other viral diseases and agents of warm-water fish. In:
P.T.K. Woo and D.W. Bruno (eds.) Fish Diseases and Disorders, CABI
Publishing, Wallingford, pp. 177-244.
Hetrick, F.M. and Hedrick R.P.
(1993). New viruses described in finfish from 1988-1992. Ann. Rev.
Fish Dis., pp. 187-207.
Moore, A.R., Li, M.F., McMenemy, M. (1988). Isolation of a picorna-like virus
from smelt, Osmerus mordax (Mitchell). Journal of Fish Diseases 11:
Winton, J.R. (1989).
Picornaviruses and Reoviruses of Fishes. In:
Viruses of Lower Vertebrates. Ed. Ahne, W. and Kurstak, E., Springer
Berlin Heidelberg. pp. 217-226.