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 Smelt viruses

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Smelt virus-1 (SmV-1) is a picorna-like virus isolated on the CHSE-214 (chinook salmon) cell line in August 1986 from clinically normal rainbow smelt (Osmerus mordax) in New Brunswick, Canada (Moore et al., 1988; Winton, 1989). The virus was resistant to ether, pH 3.0 and heating to 37 C for 24 h. It was inactivated after 6 h at 56 C.

Smelt virus-2 (SmV-2) is a picorna-like virus of the European smelt (Osmerus eperlanus) (Ahne et al., 1990).

Rainbow smelt picornavirus (Fijan, 1999)

European smelt picornavirus (Hetrick and Hedrick, 1993)

References

Ahne, W., Anders, K., Halder, M. and Yoshimizu, M. (1990). Isolation of picornavirus-like particles from the European smelt, Osmerus eperlanus (L). Journal of Fish Diseases 13: 167-168.

Fijan, N. (1999). Spring viraemia of carp and other viral diseases and agents of warm-water fish. In: P.T.K. Woo and D.W. Bruno (eds.) Fish Diseases and Disorders, CABI Publishing, Wallingford, pp. 177-244.

Hetrick, F.M. and Hedrick R.P. (1993). New viruses described in finfish from 1988-1992. Ann. Rev. Fish Dis., pp. 187-207.

Moore, A.R., Li, M.F., McMenemy, M. (1988). Isolation of a picorna-like virus from smelt, Osmerus mordax (Mitchell). Journal of Fish Diseases 11: 179-184.

Winton, J.R. (1989). Picornaviruses and Reoviruses of Fishes. In: Viruses of Lower Vertebrates. Ed. Ahne, W. and Kurstak, E., Springer Berlin Heidelberg. pp. 217-226.

 

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